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  【导读】中国茶馆文化有哪些讲究?中国的茶文化历史悠久,而且中国人平时最爱喝茶,尤其是id熬一些茶馆里品茶。茶馆从古代就有,而且发展的越来越好,那么中国的茶馆发展进程是怎么样的呢?

  茶馆,是国人专门用作饮茶的场所,也是人们休息娱乐,买卖交易,问讯议事的地方,可谓老少咸宜,男女皆至的好去处。客人们来到茶馆,泡上一壶茶,“摆开龙门阵”,啜茗清谈,好不安逸。在茶馆,“四海之内绵兄弟也”,人们不论职位高低,不分财产多少,大家一志喝茶,国事、心头事,无所不谈。茶馆可称得上是一个“浓缩了的小社会”。茶馆,在历史上又有茶楼、茶亭、茶坊、茶肆、茶园、茶社、茶室等称谓。虽然称呼有别,但其形式与内容大抵相同。

127养生之道网中国茶馆 中国茶馆文化 不同茶馆的风格特点


  我国的茶馆,由来已久。在《广陵耆老传》中曾谈到一个神话故事。“晋元帝时(317~322年),有老姥每旦独提一器茗,往市鬻之,市人竞买,自旦至夕,其器不减。”这与现今的茶摊十分相似。南北朝时,又出现供喝茶住宿的寮,它可说是现今茶馆的雏形。

  而关于茶馆的最早文字记述,则是唐代封演的《封氏闻见记》,其中谈到“自邹、齐、沧、棣,渐至京邑城市,多开店辅,煎茶卖之,不问道俗,投钱取饮。其茶自江淮而来,舟车相继,所在山积,色额甚多。”自唐开元以后,在许多城市面上已有煎茶卖茶的店铺,只要投钱即可自取随饮。

127养生之道网中国茶馆 中国茶馆文化 不同茶馆的风格特点


中国茶馆文化

  宋代,以志茶为业的茶肆、茶坊已很普遍。反映宋代农民起义的古典名著《水浒传》里,就有王婆开茶坊的记述。作为南宋京城的杭州,据宋人吴自牧《梦梁录》记载:“巷陌街坊,自有提茶壶沿门点茶,或朔望日,如遇凶吉一事,点水邻里茶水。”

  专营的茶馆已经遍布全市。在闹市区清河坊一带,就有“清乐”、“八仙”等多家大茶坊,其室内陈设讲究,挂名人书画,插四时鲜花,奏鼓乐典调。在街头苍尾,还有提茶卖茶的。

  明代,据张岱《陶阉梦忆》记载:“崇祯癸酉,有好事者开茶馆,泉实玉带,茶实兰雪,汤以旋煮,无老汤。器以时涤,无移器。其火候、汤候亦时有天合之专利号”。表明当时茶馆已有进一步发展,讲究经营买卖。对用茶、择水、选器、沏泡、火候等都有一定要求,以招徕茶客。与此同时,京城北京卖大碗茶业兴起,并将此列入三百六十行中的正式行业。


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